Oko Farms

How Aquaponics Works

Aquaponics is a sustainable method of fish farming that recycles fish waste to produce organically-grown vegetables. Simply put, aquaponics is a combination of aquaculture and soil-less plant cultivation. It is a re-creation of a naturally occurring interactions between aquatic and terrestrial life that conserves water, reduces waste, and shrinks your carbon footprint.

  • Fish are raised in a tank (at a humane ratio of 1 fish per 2-5 gallons of water)

  • Water is pumped from the fish tank into a soil-less plant growing area

  • Bacteria convert accumulated fish waste (toxic for fish in large quantities) into plant food

  • Plants absorb the nitrified fish waste

  • Water is constantly being filtered by plant roots to keep it clean

  • The cycle repeats indefinitely.

The only input into an aquaponics system is food which the fish consume, resulting in a completely organic system. As the fish grow and the system ages, the number and variety of crops you can grow also increase so long as you maintain a neutral pH, maintain high oxygen levels, and honor temperature requirements for both fish and plants.